Sunday, March 4, 2012

Coffea ( Coffea arabica )

Fruit Warehouse | Coffea ( Coffea arabica ) | There are Several species of Coffea That may be grown for the beans. The trees Produce red or purple fruits called "cherries" that look like drupes, but berries are epigynous. The cherries contain two seeds, the so-called "coffee beans", the which - Despite Their name - are not true beans.

When grown in the Tropics, coffee is a vigorous bush or small tree usually That Grows to a height of 3-3.5 m (10-12 feet). Most commonly cultivated coffee species grow best at high elevations but are nevertheless intolerant of subfreezing temperatures. Coffea is a genus of Flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. They are shrubs or small trees native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. Seeds of Several species are the source of the popular beverage coffee.

The caffeine in coffee "beans" is a natural plant defense against herbivory, ie a toxic substance That Protects the seeds of the plant. Several insect pests affect coffee production, the coffee borer beetle Including (Hypothenemus hampei) and the coffee leafminer (Leucoptera caffeina).

In 2008, two new species of coffee plants have been Discovered in Cameroon: Coffea charrieriana, the which is caffeine-free, and Coffea anthonyi. By crossing the new species with other known coffees, two new features Might Be introduced to cultivated coffee plants: beans without caffeine and self-pollination.

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