Saturday, March 3, 2012

Black cherry ( Prunus serotina )

Fruit Warehouse | Black cherry ( Prunus serotina ) | The black cherry is a species in the subgenus Padus and is a deciduous tree growing to 15-30 m tall with a trunk diameter of up to 70-120 cm, occasionally more, with flowers in racemes. The species epithet, serotina, means "late," and refers to the tree Flowering later in the season than many other cherry species. Prunus serotina, commonly called black cherry, wild black cherry, rum cherry, black cherry or mountain, is a woody plant species belonging to the genus Prunus. 

This cherry is native to eastern North America: from eastern Canada through southern Quebec and Ontario; south through the eastern United States to Texas and central Florida; with disjunct Populations in Arizona and New Mexico; and in the mountains of Mexico and Guatemala. The fruit is readily eaten by birds. A mature black cherry can easily be Identified in a forest by its very broken, dark gray to black bark, the which has the appearance of very thick, burnt potato chips.

The black cherry is commonly used instead of sweet cherries (Prunus avium) to Achieve a sharper taste. Farmers are recommended to remove any trees. That fall in a field containing livestock, Because the wilted leaves Could poison the animals. Black cherry is a leading cause of livestock illness, and its best to Ensure grazing animals' pasture has limited access to it. Black cherry is locally naturalized in parts of Europe, having escaped from cultivation as an ornamental tree.

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