Sunday, March 4, 2012

Coffea ( Coffea arabica )

Fruit Warehouse | Coffea ( Coffea arabica ) | There are Several species of Coffea That may be grown for the beans. The trees Produce red or purple fruits called "cherries" that look like drupes, but berries are epigynous. The cherries contain two seeds, the so-called "coffee beans", the which - Despite Their name - are not true beans.

When grown in the Tropics, coffee is a vigorous bush or small tree usually That Grows to a height of 3-3.5 m (10-12 feet). Most commonly cultivated coffee species grow best at high elevations but are nevertheless intolerant of subfreezing temperatures. Coffea is a genus of Flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. They are shrubs or small trees native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. Seeds of Several species are the source of the popular beverage coffee.

The caffeine in coffee "beans" is a natural plant defense against herbivory, ie a toxic substance That Protects the seeds of the plant. Several insect pests affect coffee production, the coffee borer beetle Including (Hypothenemus hampei) and the coffee leafminer (Leucoptera caffeina).

In 2008, two new species of coffee plants have been Discovered in Cameroon: Coffea charrieriana, the which is caffeine-free, and Coffea anthonyi. By crossing the new species with other known coffees, two new features Might Be introduced to cultivated coffee plants: beans without caffeine and self-pollination.

Carrot ( Daucus carota )

Fruit Warehouse | Carrot ( Daucus carota ) | It is a domesticated form of the wild carrot Daucus carota, native to Europe and Southwestern Asia. The domestic carrot has been selectively Bred for its greatly enlarged and more palatable, less woody-textured edible taproot. The carrot is a root vegetable, usually orange in color, though purple, red, white, and yellow varieties exist.

Massive overconsumption of carrots can cause carotenosis, a benign condition in the which the skin turns orange. Carrots are also rich in dietary fiber, antioxidants, and minerals. Lack of vitamin A can cause poor vision, Including night vision, and vision can be restored by adding it back into the diet. An urban legend says eating large amounts of carrots will allow one to see in the dark. It reinforced existing German folklore and helped to Encourage Britons-looking to improv.

Their night vision during the blackouts-to grow and eat the vegetable. Carrots grow best in full sun but tolerate some shade In order to avoid growing deformed carrots it is better to plant them in loose soil free from rocks. Carrots take around four months to mature and it is suggested. That carrot seeds are sown from mid - February to July.

Carrot cultivars can be grouped into two broad classes, eastern carrots and western carrots. The city of Holtville, California, promotes Itself as "Carrot Capital of the World", and holds an annual festival devoted entirely to the carrot.

Chilean guava ( Ugni molinae )

Fruit Warehouse | Chilean guava ( Ugni molinae ) | The leaves are opposite, oval, 1-2 cm long and 1-1.5 cm broad, entire, glossy dark green, with a spicy scent if crushed. The flowers are drooping, 1 cm in diameter with four or five white or pale pink petals and stamens Numerous short; the fruit is a small red, white or purple berry 1 cm diameter.

In its natural habitat; the Valdivian temperate rain forests the fruit matures in autumn from March to May. Ugni molinae, commonly known as Chilean Guava, strawberry or myrtle, is a shrub native to Chile and adjacent regions of southern Argentina. The Mapuche Native American name is "Union".

It was first described by Juan Ignacio Molina (Hence its name) in 1782. It was introduced to England in 1844 by the botanist and plant collector William Lobb, where it Became a favorite fruit of Queen Victoria. It is also grown as an ornamental plant. The fruit is cultivated to a small extent. The usage of the fruit in cuisine is limited to southern Chile where it Grows.

Lingonberry ( Vaccinium vitis-idaea )

Fruit Warehouse | Lingonberry  ( Vaccinium vitis-idaea ) | Vaccinium Vitis-idaea spreads by underground stems to form dense clonal Colonies. Slender and brittle roots grow from the underground stems. The fruit is a red berry 6-10 mm (0.2-0.4 in) across, with an acidic taste, ripening in late summer to autumn.

The berries are collected in the wild are a popular fruit in northern, central and eastern Europe, Notably in the Nordic countries, the Baltic states, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. The raw fruit are also frequently simply mashed with sugar, the which preserves most of Their Nutrients and taste. Fruit served this way or as compote Often accompany game meats and liver dishes.

In Sweden and Norway, reindeer and elk steak is served with gravy Traditionally and lingonberry sauce. Preserved fruit is commonly eaten with meatballs and potatoes in Sweden and Norway, and also with pork. A traditional Swedish dessert is lingonpäron (literally lingonberry pears) the which the which is fresh pears are peeled and boiled in lingondricka (lingonberry squash) and then preserved in the lingonberry-infused pear squash and not uncommonly eaten during christmas.

In Russia this preserve had been known as "lingonberry water" (брусничная вода) and is a traditional soft drink. In Russian folk medicine, lingonberry water was used as a mild laxative. A traditional Finnish dish is Sauteed reindeer (poronkäristys) with mashed potatoes and lingonberries, either cooked or raw with sugar. In Poland, the berries are Often mixed with pears to create a sauce served with poultry or game.

Limequat ( Citrus × floridana )

Fruit Warehouse | Limequat ( Citrus × floridana ) | Walter Swingle in 1909. It is a small tree That Grows into a contained Bushy form. The leaves are characteristically citrus-like. The limequat Produces an Abundance of fruit even at a young age. The fruit is small, oval, greenish yellow and contains seeds or pips.

It has a sweet tasting skin and a bitter sweet pulp tastes similar to limes That. This plant is now grown in Japan, Israel, Spain, Malaysia, South Africa, Armenia, the United Kingdom and the United States in California, Florida, and Texas. The fruit can be found, in small quantities, during the fall and winter months in the United States.

Plant in a well limequats drained fertile soil. Sand, Despite popular opinion, is poor for aiding drainage. Plant anytime of the year, watering it well. Plants grow fairly SLOWLY and flower and fruit Between 5-7 months and rest for 7-5 months. Limequats are more cold-hardy than limes but less cold-hardy than kumquats.

Kapok ( Ceiba pentandra )

Fruit Warehouse | Kapok ( Ceiba pentandra ) | Produce Several hundred adult trees 15 cm (6 in) seed pods. The pods contain seeds surrounded by a fluffy, Yellowish fiber That is a mix of lignin and cellulose. Ceiba pentandra is a tropical tree of the order Malvales and the family Malvaceae (Previously Bombacaceae separated in the family), native to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, northern South America, and (as the variety C. pentandra var. Guineensis) to tropical west Africa. The tree is also known as the Java cotton, Java kapok, Ceiba or Silk cotton

The fiber is light, very buoyant, resilient and resistant to water. The process of harvesting and separating the fiber is labor-intensive and manual. Native tribes along the Amazon River harvest the kapok fiber to wrap around Their darts blowgun.

The fibers create a seal That allows the pressure to force the dart through the tube. The commercial tree is most Heavily cultivated in the Rainforests of Asia, Notably in Java (Hence its nicknames), Philippines, Malaysia, Hainan Island in China as well as in South America. This tree is the official national tree of Puerto Rico and Guatemala.

A pressed seed oil can be derived from the seeds of the kapok tree. The oil has a yellow color and a pleasant, mild odor and taste. It has similar characteristics to cottonseed oil. Kapok oil is produced in India, Indonesia and Malaysia. Kapok oil has some potential as a biofuel and in paint preparation.

Saturday, March 3, 2012

Peach palm ( Bactris gasipaes )

Fruit Warehouse | Peach palm ( Bactris gasipaes ) | For example, in English: peach-palm or pewa (Trinidad and Tobago), peyibay (e), and pejivalle; in Spanish: pejibaye (Costa Rica, Nicaragua), chontaduro or chantaduro, (Colombia, Ecuador), pijuayo (Peru) , pijiguao (Venezuela), Tembe (Bolivia), pixbae (pronounced pibá) (Panama), and in Portuguese: pupunheira, and pupunha (Brazil).

There are Several botanical Synonyms, Including Bactris ciliate (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart., B. insignis (Mart.) Baill., B. speciosa (Mart.) H. Karst., B. utilis (Oerst.) Benth. ex Hemsl., Guilelma chontaduro Triana, G. ciliate (Ruiz & Pav.) H. Wendl., G. gasipaes (Kunth) L. H. Bailey, G. insignis Mart., G. speciosa Mart., G. utilis Oerst., and Ruiz & Pav Martinezia ciliate.

Bactris gasipaes Grows erect, with a single slender stem or, more Often, Several stems to 8 in. (20 cm) thick, in a cluster; Generally armed with stiff, black spines in circular rows from the base to the summit. The leaves are pinnate, 3 meters (9.8 ft) long on a 1 metre (3.3 ft) long Petiole.

The fruit is stewed in Salted water frequently.  This plant may also be harvested for heart of palm, and has commercial advantages in being fast growing; the first harvest can be from 18 to 24 months after planting.  The composition of 100 grams of pulp: 164 calories, 2.5 g of protein, 28 mg of calcium, 31 mg of phosphorus, 3.3 mg of iron, 1.500 mmg of vitamin A, vitamin B1 of 0:06 mg and 34 mg of vitamin C.

Bottle Gourd ( Lagenaria siceraria )

Fruit Warehouse | Bottle Gourd ( Lagenaria siceraria ) | The calabash was one of the first cultivated plants in the world, not grown primarily for food, but for use as a water container. The bottle GOURD may have been Carried from Africa to Asia, Europe and the Americas in the course of human migration. Lagenaria siceraria (Synonym Lagenaria vulgaris Ser.), Bottle GOURD, opo squash or melon is a long vine grown for its fruit, the which can either be harvested young and used as a vegetable, or harvested mature, dried, and used as a bottle, utensil, or pipe. For this reason, the calabash is Widely known as the bottle GOURD.  Rounder varieties are called calabash gourds.  It shares its common name with That of the calabash tree (Crescentia cujete).

Calabash had been cultivated in Asia, Europe and the Americas for Thousands of years before Columbus's discovery of America. Once in Florida and Mexico, bottle GOURD Could seeds still be viable after long periods of migration.The Rind of the calabash domesticated, unlike its wild counterpart of That, is thick and waterproof.

Previously Calabash was thought to have spread across the Oceans without human intervention, if the seeds were still Able to germinate even after long periods at sea. The new research notes domestication had led to changes in morphology (shape) of Asian and African specimens, Potentially allowing the identification of the calabash from different areas. Now, both genetic and morphological considerations show calabash found in American archaeological finds are closer to Asian than to African calabash variants ones.

This apparent source plant domestication Produces thinner-walled fruit that, when dried, would not Endure the rigors of use on long Journeys as a water container. Today's calabash may Owe its tough, waterproof wall to selection pressures over its long history of domestication.

Bush tomato ( Certain Solanum )

Fruit Warehouse | Bush tomato ( Certain Solanum ) | Bush tomato plants are small shrubs Whose growth is encouraged by fire and disturbance. The fruit of a number of species have been used as food sources by Aboriginal people in the drier areas of Australia. The term refers to the bush tomato fruit or entire plants of Certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. There are 94 (mostly perennial) natives and 31 (mostly annual) introduced species in Australia. A number of Solanum species contain significant levels of solanine and as Such are highly poisonous.

Aborigines eat the fruit of S. centrale raw or put it on the hot earth by the fire, sprinkle some water on the fruits and cover them up to cook them. S. diversiflorum is roasted before being eaten or dried.

Fruit of S.orbiculatum is edible, but the fruit of the large leafed form may be bitter. S. ellipticum and / or S. quadriloculatum are called merne Awele-Awele, S. cleistogamum is'merne mwanyerne, and S. centrale is merne akatyerre. The Arrernte merne term means "fruit or nut".

Black cherry ( Prunus serotina )

Fruit Warehouse | Black cherry ( Prunus serotina ) | The black cherry is a species in the subgenus Padus and is a deciduous tree growing to 15-30 m tall with a trunk diameter of up to 70-120 cm, occasionally more, with flowers in racemes. The species epithet, serotina, means "late," and refers to the tree Flowering later in the season than many other cherry species. Prunus serotina, commonly called black cherry, wild black cherry, rum cherry, black cherry or mountain, is a woody plant species belonging to the genus Prunus. 

This cherry is native to eastern North America: from eastern Canada through southern Quebec and Ontario; south through the eastern United States to Texas and central Florida; with disjunct Populations in Arizona and New Mexico; and in the mountains of Mexico and Guatemala. The fruit is readily eaten by birds. A mature black cherry can easily be Identified in a forest by its very broken, dark gray to black bark, the which has the appearance of very thick, burnt potato chips.

The black cherry is commonly used instead of sweet cherries (Prunus avium) to Achieve a sharper taste. Farmers are recommended to remove any trees. That fall in a field containing livestock, Because the wilted leaves Could poison the animals. Black cherry is a leading cause of livestock illness, and its best to Ensure grazing animals' pasture has limited access to it. Black cherry is locally naturalized in parts of Europe, having escaped from cultivation as an ornamental tree.

Buddha's hand ( Citrus medica var. sarcodactylus )

Fruit Warehouse | Buddha's hand ( Citrus medica var. sarcodactylus ) | The origin of Buddha's hand plant is traced back to Northeastern India or China. Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis is a shrub or small tree with long, irregular branches covered in Thorns. Buddha's hand, Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis (also known as Bushukan (Japanese) or Fingered citron), is a fragrant variety Whose citron fruit is segmented into finger-like sections.

Buddha's hand fruit is very fragrant and is used predominantly by the Chinese and Japanese for perfuming rooms and personal items, Such as clothing. According to tradition, Buddha Prefers the "fingers" of the fruit to be in a position where They resemble a closed rather than open hand, as closed hands symbolize to Buddha the act of prayer. The peel of the fruit can be Candied into succade.

Citrus medica var.  sarcodactylis is cultivated for fruit crops and as an ornamental tree in gardens and containers on patios and terraces. It Grows best in temperate conditions.

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