Thursday, February 23, 2012

Tropical Almond ( Terminalia catappa )

Fruit Warehouse | Tropical Almond ( Terminalia catappa ) | Common names include Bengal almond, Singapore almond, Ebelebo, Malabar almond, Indian almond, Tropical almond, Sea almond, Almond Beach, Talisay tree, Umbrella tree, Abrofo Nkatie (Akan), Tavola (Fiji), "Castanhola" (Northeastern Brazil) , Zanmande (Creole) and kotōl (Marshallese). Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the Leadwood tree family, Combretaceae. The Terminalia catappa has Corky, light fruit That is dispersed by water. As the tree gets older, its crown Becomes more flattened to form a spreading, vase shape. Its branches are distinctively arranged in tiers.

The leaves are large, 15-25 centimetres (5.9-9.8 in) long and 10-14 centimetres (3.9-5.5 in) broad, ovoid, glossy dark green and leathery. The flowers are monoecious, with distinct male and female flowers on the same tree. The fruit is a drupe 5-7 centimetres (2.0-2.8 in) long and 3-5.5 centimetres (1.2-2.2 in) broad, at first green, then yellow and finally red when RIPE, containing a single seed.

Terminalia catappa is Widely grown in tropical regions of the world as an ornamental tree, grown for the deep shade Provide its large leaves. The leaves contain Several flavonoids (kaempferol or quercetin like), Several tannins (Such as punicalin, punicalagin or tercatin), saponines and phytosterols. For instances, in Taiwan fallen leaves are used as a herb to treat liver diseases. It is also thought That leaves contain agents for the prevention of cancers (although They have no demonstrated anticarcinogenic properties) and antioxidants as well as Terminalia catappa of anticlastogenic characteristics.Extracys have shown activity against Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine (CQ)-resistant (FcB1) and CQ-sensitive (HB3) strains.

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