Monday, February 20, 2012

shew ( Anacardium occidentale )

Fruit Warehouse | Cashew ( Anacardium occidentale ) |  The fruit of the cashew tree is an accessory fruit (Sometimes called a pseudocarp or false fruit). Called the cashew apple, better known in Central America as "Marañón", it ripens into a yellow and / or red structure about 5-11 cm long. It is edible, and has a strong "sweet" smell and a sweet taste. The true fruit of the cashew tree is a kidney or boxing-glove shaped drupe That Grows at the end of the cashew apple. The drupe develops first on the tree, and then the pedicel expands to Become the cashew apple. Within the true fruit is a single seed, the cashew nut. Although a nut in the culinary sense, in the botanical sense the nut of the cashew is a seed. Some people are allergic to cashew nuts, but cashews are a less frequent allergen than nuts or peanuts.

The cashew is a tree in the family Anacardiaceae. Its English name derives from the Portuguese name for the fruit of the cashew tree, Caju, the which in turn derives from the indigenous Tupi name, acajú. Originally native to northern South America, it is now Widely grown in tropical climates for its cashew seeds and cashew apples.

The cashew nutshell liquid (CNSL), a byproduct of processing cashew, is mostly composed of anacardic acids (70%), cardol (18%) and cardanol (5%).

Cashew is very commonly used in Indian cuisine. Goan cuisine in both raw and roasted whole kernels are used for making curries and sweets. The cashew apple is eaten raw or used in curries. The cashew nut can also be harvested in its tender form, when the shell has not hardened and is green in color. Cashew nuts also Appear in Thai cuisine and Chinese cuisine, Generally in whole form.

In Brazil, the cashew fruit juice is popular all across the country. In Panama, the cashew fruit is cooked with water and sugar for a prolonged period of time to make a sweet, brown, paste-like dessert called "dulce de Marañón". Marañón is one of the Spanish names for cashew. Pampanga also has a sweet dessert called turrones de casuy the which is cashew marzipan wrapped in white wafer. In Indonesia, Roasted and Salted cashew nut is called cashew nuts or cashews, while the cashew apple cashew is called (literally means monkey rose apple).

In Goa, India, the cashew apple (the accessory fruit) is mashed, the juice is extracted and kept for fermentation for 2-3 days. Fenny / FeNi is about 40-42% alcohol. In the southern region of Mtwara, Tanzania, the cashew apple (Bibo in Swahili) is dried and saved. In Mozambique, it is very common Among the cashew farmers to make a strong liquor from the cashew apple the which is called "agua ardente" (burning water).

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