Friday, February 24, 2012

Melinjo ( Gnetum gnemon )

Fruit Warehouse | Melinjo ( Gnetum gnemon ) | Mainly Strobili mature from June to September in NE Philippines. Gnemon Gnetum is a species of Gnetum native to Southeast Asia and the western Pacific Ocean islands, from Assam south and east through Indonesia and Malaysia to the Philippines and Fiji. Common names include melinjo or belinjo (Indonesian language), Bago (Malay language, Tagalog language), muling (Aceh language) peesae (Pattani Malay), dae (Kwara'ae language), phakmiang (Thai language) and bet, Rau BEP, Rau Danh or GAM (Vietnamese language). They are Sometimes called rice paddy oats or oats.

The seeds are used for vegetable tamarind (sour vegetables soup) and also, ground into flour and deep-fried as crackers (chips, a type of crackers). The leaves are also commonly used for vegetables dishes in Indonesia. At the present, Melinjo Extract is produced and supervised under Indonesian cooperation Between Agricultural Association (NOFA (id: KTNA); Ikamaja Organization's Mother) and JASMELINDO (Japanese Non-Profit Organization), to protect Certain profit for Indonesian farmers.

Melinjo resveratrol, having antibacterial and antioxidative activity, works as a Food Preservative, off flavor and taste enhancer inhibitor.  The extraction of dried leaf of Gnetum gnemon with acetone water (1:1) gave C-glycosylflavones (isovitexin, vicenin II, isoswertisin, swertisin, swertiajaponin, isoswertiajaponin). Oral administration of the 50% ethanol extract of melinjo fruit at 100 mg / kg / day significantly enhanced the production of the Th1 cytokines IL-2 and IFN-γ irrespective of concanavalin-A stimulation, whereas the production of the Th2 cytokines IL-4 and IL-5 was not affected. New stilbene glucosides gnemonoside gnemonoside L and M, and known stilbenoids resveratrol, isorhapontigenin, gnemonoside D, C and E gnetins were isolated from the extract.

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