Thursday, February 16, 2012


Fruit Warehouse | Mango | The mango is now cultivated in most frost-free tropical and warmer subtropical climates; more than a third of the world's mangoes are cultivated in India alone, with China being the second. Many of the 1,000 + mango cultivars are easily cultivated using grafted saplings, ranging from the "turpentine mango" (named for its strong taste of turpentine) to the huevos de toro.

The mango fruit is a fleshy stone belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of tropical fruiting trees Numerous Flowering plant in the Anacardiaceae family. The mango is native to the Indian subcontinent from where it spread all over the world. While other Mangifera species (eg horse mango, M. foetida) are also grown on a more localized basis, Mangifera indica - the common Indian mango or mango - mango tree is the only commonly cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions, and its fruit is essentially distributed worldwide.

Though India is the largest producer of mangoes, it accounts for less than one percent of the international mango trade; India consumes most of its own production. A wide variety of diseases can afflict mangoes; see List of mango diseases. Mango contains a variety of phytochemicals and Nutrients.

In mango fruit pulp, the antioxidant vitamins A and C, Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), folate, B vitamins and other essential Nutrients, Such as potassium, copper and amino acids, are present. Mango peel and pulp contain other phytonutrients, Such as the pigment antioxidants - carotenoids and polyphenols - and omega-3 and -6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Phytochemical and nutrient content Appears to Vary across mango species. Up to 25 different carotenoids have been isolated from mango pulp, the densest of the which was beta-carotene, the which accounts for the yellow-orange pigmentation of most mango species.

The mango triterpene, lupeol, is an effective inhibitor in laboratory models of prostate and skin cancers. An extract of mango branch bark called Vimang, isolated by Cuban Scientists, contains polyphenols with antioxidant properties Numerous in vitro and on blood parameters of elderly Humans.

The mango is the national fruit of India and Pakistan. The mango tree is the national tree of Bangladesh. Mango blossoms are also used in the worship of the goddess Saraswati.  The Jain goddess Ambika is Traditionally represented as sitting under a mango tree. Mango leaves are used to decorate Archways and doors in houses and Indian weddings and celebrations during Ganesh Chaturthi like. Ma-nutmeg-vazhai (மா - பலா - வாழை) Famous Urdu poet Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib was very fond of mangoes. There are many anecdotes Concerning his love for mangoes. Poet Sa'd Bin Ard has written some poems about mangoes.

Mangoes account for approximately half of all tropical fruits produced worldwide.Alphonso, Benishaan or Benisha (Banginapalli in Telugu and other south Indian languages) and Kesar mango varieties are the most popular varieties in India's southern states, while Chausa, Dasheri and Langra varieties are most popular in the northern states. Names of other varieties of mango available in India are malgova, peethar, Rumani, bangalura, rasalu, thothapari, Neelam, sindhoora, and salmon.

Generally, mangoes have an orange RIPE-yellow or reddish peel and are juicy for eating, while exported fruit are picked Often while underripe with green peels. Although producing ethylene while ripening, unripened exported mangoes do not have the same juiciness or flavor as fresh fruit. Like other drupaceous fruits, mangoes come in both Freestone and clingstone varieties.

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