Sunday, February 19, 2012

Kerantongan ( Durio oxleyanus )

Fruit Warehouse | Kerantongan ( Durio oxleyanus ) | Durian trees are large, growing to 25-50 meters (80-164 ft) in height depending on the species. Durian trees have one or two Flowering and fruiting periods per year, though the timing varies depending on the species, cultivars, and Localities. A typical durian tree can bear fruit after four or five years. The durian fruit can hang from any branch and matures roughly three months after pollination.

The durian is the fruit of Several tree species belonging to the genus Durio and the Malvaceae family (although some taxonomists place Durio in a distinct family, Durionaceae). Widely known and revered in Southeast Asia as the "king of fruits", the durian is distinctive for its large size, unique odor, and formidable thorn-covered husk.  There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of the which Produce edible fruit. Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions. There are Hundreds of durian cultivars; many consumers express preferences for specific cultivars, the which fetch higher prices in the market.

The durian is somewhat similar in appearance to the jack fruit, an unrelated species. In the species name, refers to the zibethinus Indian civet, Viverra zibetha. Durian flowers are large and feathery with copious nectar, and give off a heavy, sour and Buttery odor. According to research conducted in Malaysia in the 1970s, durians were pollinated almost exclusively by cave fruit bats (Eonycteris spelaea).  The durian is native to Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. The center of ecological diversity for durians is the island of Borneo, where the fruit of the edible species of Durio Including D. zibethinus, D. dulcis, D. graveolens, D. kutejensis, D. oxleyanus and D. testudinarum are sold in local markets. In Brunei, D. zibethinus is not grown Because consumers prefer other species as D.

Although the durian is not native to Thailand, the country is currently one of the major exporters of durians, growing 781.000 tonnes (769 000 long tons; 861.000 short tons) of the world's total harvest of 1,400,000 tonnes (1,400,000 long tons; 1,500,000 short tons) in 1999, 111.000 tonnes (109 000 long tons; 122.000 short tons) of the which it exported to Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Canada. Malaysia and Indonesia follow, both producing about 265 000 tonnes (261 000 long tons; 292.000 short tons) each. Of this, Malaysia exported 35.000 tonnes (34.000 long tons; 39.000 short tons) in 1999. Chantaburi in Thailand each year holds the World Durian Festival in early May.

In the Philippines, the center of durian production is the Davao Region. The Kadayawan Festival is an annual celebration featuring the durian in Davao City. China is the major importer, purchasing 65.000 tonnes (64.000 long tons; 72.000 short tons) in 1999, Followed by Singapore with 40.000 tonnes (39.000 long tons; 44.000 short tons) and Taiwan with 5.000 tonnes (4.900 long tons; 5.500 short tons) .  The durian is a seasonal fruit, unlike some other non-seasonal tropical fruits Such as the papaya, the which are available throughout the year. Prices of durians are Relatively high as compared with other fruits. According to Larousse Gastronomique, the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. Some people in southern Thailand prefer durians Their Relatively young when the clusters of fruit within the shell are still crisp in texture and mild in flavor..Durian fruit contains a high amount of sugar, vitamin C, potassium, and the serotonergic amino acid tryptophan, and is a good source of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.. The tablets allegedly contained durian and a species of the genus Allium from India and vitamin E.

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