Thursday, February 16, 2012

Jackfruit ( Artocarpus heterophyllus )

Fruit Warehouse | Jackfruit ( Artocarpus heterophyllus ) | The jackfruit has played a significant role in Indian agriculture for Centuries. Archeological Findings in India have Revealed That jackfruit was cultivated in India 3000 to 6000 years ago. Varahamihira, the Indian astronomer, Mathematician, and astrologers, jackfruit trees Mentioned (Sanskrit Panasa पनस) in his Brhat Samhita. His Treatise includes a specific reference on grafting to be performed on trees Such as jackfruit. In Kerala (India), jackfruit trees support the Black Pepper vine, the which is a climber.

The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a species of tree in the Artocarpus genus of the mulberry family (Moraceae). This tree is Widely cultivated in tropical regions of the Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.  The jackfruit tree is well suited to tropical lowlands, and its fruit is the largest tree-born fruit, reaching as much as 80 pounds (36 kg) in weight and up to 36 inches (90 cm) long and 20 inches (50 cm) in diameter.

The jackfruit is Considered an invasive species in Brazil, ESPECIALLY in the Tijuca Forest National Park in Rio de Janeiro. The Tijuca forest is mostly an artificial secondary forest, Whose planting began during the mid-Nineteenth century, and jackfruit trees have been a part of the park's flora since its founding. The seeds are dispersed by these animals, the which allows the jackfruit to Compete for space with native-species tree.

The young fruit is called Polos in Sri Lanka. The raw fruit is not edible young. Young jackfruit has a mild flavor and distinctive poultry-like texture. The cuisines of India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Cambodia, and Vietnam use cooked young jackfruit. In Indonesia, young jackfruit is cooked with coconut milk as warm. In many cultures, jackfruit is boiled and used in curries as a food staple.

The wooden plank called AVANI ornated Palaka made of wood of the jackfruit tree is used as the priest's seat during Hindu Ceremonies in Kerala. Jackfruit wood is Widely used in the manufacture of furniture, doors and windows, and in roof construction. The jackfruit is one of the three Auspicious fruits of Tamil Nadu, along with the mango and banana known as the mukkani (முக்கனி). Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh.

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