Tuesday, February 21, 2012

Elderberry ( Sambucus nigra )

 Fruit Warehouse | Elderberry ( Sambucus nigra ) | The genus is native in temperate-to-subtropical regions of both the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.  The leaves are pinnate with 5-9 leaflets (rarely 3 or 11). Sambucus (elder or elderberry) is a genus of Between 5 and 30 species of shrubs or small trees in the moschatel family, Adoxaceae.

The flowers of Sambucus nigra are used to Produce elderflower cordial. The French, Austrians and Central Europeans Produce elderflower syrup, commonly made from an extract of elderflower blossoms, the which is added to pancake (Palatschinken) mixes instead of blueberries. In the United States, this French elderflower syrup is used to the make elderflower marshmallows. Hallands Fläder, a Swedish akvavit, is flavored with elderflowers. The Italian liqueur Sambuca is flavored with oil obtained from the elderflower. Fruit pies and relishes are produced with berries.  Hollowed elderberry Twigs Traditionally have been used as spiles to tap maple trees for syrup.

Black elderberry has been used medicinally for Hundreds of years. Flavanoids from Sambucus nigra Appear to inhibit the infectiousness of H1N1 influenza virions in vitro. No satisfactory medication to cure influenza type A and B is available. considering the efficacy of the extract in vitro on all strains of influenza virus tested, the clinical results, its low cost, and absence of side-effects, this preparation Could offer a possibility for safe treatment for influenza A and B . " A small study published in 2004 showed 93% of flu That Patients given elderberry extract were completely symptom-free within two days; Those taking a placebo recovered in about six days. A 2009 study found H1N1 inhibition That the activities of the elderberry flavonoids compare favorably to the known anti-influenza activities of Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Amantadine. The study Stated, "Elderberry extract seems a to offer an efficient, safe and cost-effective treatment for influenza. These Findings need to be confirmed in a larger study."

A 2001 study entitled "The effect of Sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines" concluded: "We conclude from this study that, in Addition to its antiviral properties, Sambucol Elderberry Extract and its formulations activate the healthy immune system inflammatory cytokine production by Increasing.

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