Saturday, February 18, 2012

Coconut ( Cocos nucifera )

Fruit Warehouse | Coconut ( Cocos nucifera ) | Flowers compound arranged on the circuit that is protected by bractea; there are male and female flowers, monoecious, the female flowers are located at the base of the bouquet, while the male flowers are far from the base. Fruit large, diameter 10 cm to 20 cm or even more, yellow, green, or brown; fruit is composed of a fiber mesokarp berlignin, called coir, which protects the hard endocarp (called shells) and water-resistant; endocarp protects seeds only protected by a membrane attached to the side of the endocarp.

Coconut (Cocos nucifera) is a plant species of palm-arenan tribe or Arecaceae and is a single member of the genus Cocos. Coconut is also the name for these plants produced fruit. Root fibers, thick and woody, forming clustered bulbs, adaptive to the sandy beach area.

Coconut is a versatile tree for the tropics. Coconut roots inspire technological inventions buffer Chicken Scratch building (used for example at Soekarno Hatta Airport) by Sedijatmo. Young coconut leaves, called a leaf, used as an ingredient in the manufacture of diamond braid or various forms of decoration are very attractive, especially by the people of Java and Bali in various ceremonies, and to form independent handicrafts (art of coconut). Child leaf stalk is dried, is called a stick, a broom compiled into one.

Female flowers, called bluluk (Javanese), can be eaten. Sweet liquid that comes out of the flower stalk, called the (water) juice or legen. Palm fruit is the most economic value. Coir, which form part mesokarp coarse fibers, traded as a fuel, seat fillers, webbing straps, mats, as well as the growing medium for orchids.

Endosperm of coconut fruit in the form of liquid and sediment was embedded in the wall of the shell ("coconut meat") is a popular source of refreshment. Young fruit flesh is white and soft and usually served as coconut ice or ice degan.

Old pieces of coconut flesh is white and harden. The juice is squeezed and the liquid is called coconut milk. This old flesh can also be taken and dried and become valuable trade commodity, called copra. Copra is the raw material for palm oil and its derivatives.

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