Friday, February 24, 2012

Black Apple ( Pouteria australis)

Fruit Warehouse | Black Apple ( Pouteria australis) | The alternate name was coined by Planchonella australis Jean Baptiste Louis Pierre in 1890. A genetic analysis of RNA Internal transcribed spacer material found Pouteria australis That was most closely related a pair of species, Pouteria Pouteria cotinifolia and eerwah - the three forming a distinct group of Australian species within the genus.

Pouteria australis, also known by the Synonym Planchonella australis, is a medium to tall rainforest tree of the Sapotaceae family native to Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. It is known by the common name Black Apple, Wild Plum, Buttonwood Yellow, Black and Yellow bulletwood plum.

Pouteria australis Grows as a tree reaching a maximum height of 30 meters (100 ft), with a fluted trunk up to 120 cm (48 in) diameter, with rough brown bark. The upper surface is shiny, lower surface paler green. Resembling plums in appearance, the edible fruit are 20-50 mm long, Purplish or black, brown and shiny containing 3-5 seeds, 2 cm long.

Pouteria australis is protogynous; That is, the female parts of the tree is mature before the male parts, to promote outcrossing. The Green Catbird eats the fruit, and the seeds are eaten by rodents and insects. Scientist Tim Flannery has proposed That the existence of rainforest trees with large fruit Such That indicates a large fruit-eating bird (like a Cassowary) once existed throughout its range as a propagator. Fast growing and easy to grow, Pouteria australis adapts readily to cultivation, preferring good drainage, as well as moisture, and extra fertilising.

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