Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Beach Plum ( Prunus maritima )

Fruit Warehouse | Beach Plum ( Prunus maritima ) | It is a deciduous shrub, in its natural sand dune habitat growing 1-2 m high, although it can grow larger, up to 4 m tall, when cultivated in gardens. The leaves are alternate, elliptical, 3-7 cm long and 2-4 cm broad, with a sharply serrated margin. Prunus maritima (Beach Plum) is a species of plum native to the Atlantic coast of North America, from Maine south to Maryland. The fruit is an edible drupe 1.5-2 cm in diameter in the wild plant. The plant is salt-tolerant and cold-hardy. It Prefers the full sun and well-drained soil. It spreads by putting out suckers roots but in coarse soil puts down a tap root.

The species is grown commercially for its fruit to a small extent, used to make-hour. A number of cultivars have been selected for larger and better flavored fruit, Including 'Eastham', 'Oceanview', 'Hancock' and 'Squibnocket'. The species was first described by Marshall in 1785 as Prunus maritima, the 'Sea side Plumb'.

A few sources cite Wangenheim as the author, though Wangenheim's publication dates to 1787, two years later than Marshall's. Plum Island, Massachusetts and Plum Island, New York are named after the Beach Plum, Plum Cove Beach as is, in Lanesville, Gloucester, Massachusetts.

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