Thursday, February 16, 2012

Avocado ( Persea americana )

Fruit Warehouse | Avocado ( Persea americana ) | The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, 5 millimeters (0.2 in) - 10 millimeters (0.4 in) wide. The pear-shaped fruit is 7 centimetres (2.8 in) - 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long, weighs Between 100 grams (3.5 oz) - 1.000 grams (35 oz), and has a large central seed, 5 centimetres (2.0 in) - 6.4 centimetres (2.5 in) long. High winds Reduced the humidity, dehydrate the flowers, and affect pollination.

The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree native to Central Mexico, classified in the family Lauraceae Flowering plant along with cinnamon, camphor and bay laurel. Avocado or alligator pear also refers to the fruit (botanically a berry large That contains a single seed of the tree, the which may be pear-shaped, egg-shaped or spherical. Avocados are commercially valuable and are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world.

The trees also need well-aerated Soils, ideally more than 1 m deep. Each region has different types of cultivars. Most cultivars are propagated via grafting, having originated from random seedling plants or minor mutations derived from cultivars. The avocado is unusual in That the timing of the male and female flower phases differs Among cultivars.

• "A" cultivars: Hass, Gwen, Lamb Hass, Pinkerton, Reed.
• "B" cultivars: Fuerte, Sharwil, Zutano, Bacon, Ettinger, Sir Prize, Walter Hole.
After a season with a low yield, due to factors Such as cold (which the avocado does not tolerate well), the trees growing niche to Produce abundantly the next season. 

The avocado is very popular in vegetarian cuisine, as substitute for meats in sandwiches and salads Because of its high fat content. Generally, avocado is served raw, though some cultivars, Including the common Hass, can be cooked for a short time without Becoming bitter. Caution should be used when cooking with untested cultivars; the flesh of some avocados may be rendered inedible by heat.

In Brazil, Vietnam, the Philippines and Indonesia, a dessert drink is made with sugar, milk or water, and pureed avocado. In Morocco, there is a similar chilled avocado and milk drinks, that is sweetened with confectioner's sugar and orange flower water with hinted. In Ethiopia, avocados are made into juice by mixing them with sugar and milk or water, usually served with Vimto and a slice of lemon. It is also very common to serve multiple layered fruit juices in a glass (locally called spreece) made of avocados, mangoes, bananas, guavas and papayas. Avocados are also used to make-salads.

In Mexico and Central America, avocados are served mixed with white rice, in soups, salads, or on the side of chicken and meat. The Chilean version of Caesar salad contains large slices of mature avocado. In Kenya, the avocado is Often eaten as a fruit, and is eaten alone, or mixed with other fruits in a fruit salad, or as part of a vegetable salad.

Avocado slices are frequently added to hamburgers, tortas, hot dogs, and carne Asada. Avocado can be combined with eggs (scrambled eggs in, tortillas or omelettes), and is a key ingredient in California rolls and other makizushi ("maki", or rolled sushi). In southern Africa, Avocado Ritz is a common dish.

As a result, Marks and Spencer dropped the word 'pear' and labeled it simply 'avocado'
Diverse avocados have fat. For a typical avocado:
• About 75% of an avocado's calories come from fat, most of the which is monounsaturated fat.
• On a 100 g basis, avocados have 35% more potassium (485 mg) than bananas (358 mg). They are   rich in   B vitamins, as well as vitamin E and vitamin K.
Avocados have a high fiber content of 75% insoluble and 25% soluble fiber.

High avocado intake was shown in one preliminary study to lower blood cholesterol levels. Specifically, after a seven-day diet rich in avocados, mild hypercholesterolemia Patients showed a 17% Decrease in total serum cholesterol levels.

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