Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Bolwarra ( Eupomatia laurina )

Fruit Warehouse | Bolwarra ( Eupomatia laurina ) | It is a primitive Flowering plant, usually growing as an understorey in rainforest or wet sclerophyll forest. Eupomatia laurina, Sometimes known as Bolwarra or Native Guava or Copper Laurel is a shrub to small tree, Often seen Between 3 and 5 meters tall.

Leaves are glossy, oblong-elliptic, from 7-12 cm long. The globose to urn-shaped edible fruit is yellow-green 15-20mm in diameter and bears from the branches and trunk.  The sweet, aromatic fruit is used as a spice, fruit in cooking, being included in beverages, jams and desserts.

In cultivation E. laurina is frost sensitive and Prefers a protected, semi-shaded site. It can be propagated from seed or cuttings. Cutting propagated Produce fruit trees after two years. There is also two other related species endemic to Australia, E. bennettii, or small bolwarra and E. barbata, or small northern bolwarra.

Beach Plum ( Prunus maritima )

Fruit Warehouse | Beach Plum ( Prunus maritima ) | It is a deciduous shrub, in its natural sand dune habitat growing 1-2 m high, although it can grow larger, up to 4 m tall, when cultivated in gardens. The leaves are alternate, elliptical, 3-7 cm long and 2-4 cm broad, with a sharply serrated margin. Prunus maritima (Beach Plum) is a species of plum native to the Atlantic coast of North America, from Maine south to Maryland. The fruit is an edible drupe 1.5-2 cm in diameter in the wild plant. The plant is salt-tolerant and cold-hardy. It Prefers the full sun and well-drained soil. It spreads by putting out suckers roots but in coarse soil puts down a tap root.

The species is grown commercially for its fruit to a small extent, used to make-hour. A number of cultivars have been selected for larger and better flavored fruit, Including 'Eastham', 'Oceanview', 'Hancock' and 'Squibnocket'. The species was first described by Marshall in 1785 as Prunus maritima, the 'Sea side Plumb'.

A few sources cite Wangenheim as the author, though Wangenheim's publication dates to 1787, two years later than Marshall's. Plum Island, Massachusetts and Plum Island, New York are named after the Beach Plum, Plum Cove Beach as is, in Lanesville, Gloucester, Massachusetts.

Barbadine ( Passiflora ligularis )

Fruit Warehouse | Barbadine ( Passiflora ligularis ) | It is native to the Andes Mountains Between Bolivia, Venezuela and Colombia. It Grows as far south as northern Argentina and as far north as Mexico. Ligu laris Passiflora, commonly known as the Sweet Granadilla or Grenadia is a plant species in the genus Passiflora. The epithet comes from the ligularis plant's ligulate corollae.

It lives at altitudes ranging from 1700 to 2600 meters above sea level. They have abundant, simple leaves and greenish-white fruit flowers.The is orange to yellow colored with small light markings. The outer shell is hard and slippery, and has soft padding on the interior to protect the seeds.

The pulp is the edible part of the fruit and has a soft sweet taste. It is very aromatic and contains vitamins A, C, and K, phosphorus, iron, and calcium. The main producers are Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, South Africa, Rwanda and Kenya. The main Importers are the United States, Canada, Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, and Spain.

Monday, February 27, 2012

Babaco ( Vasconcellea × heilbornii )

Fruit Warehouse | Babaco ( Vasconcellea × heilbornii ) | The babaco is classified as a herbaceous shrub like Carica papaya (pawpaw or papaya) but unlike papaya it Produces only female flowers. The plant can babaco fruits Annually Produce from 30-60, and has an average life span of about eight years. The small plant is better suited as a container specimen than its cousin the papaya, the which needs constant moisture and high temperatures to survive.

The Babaco (Vasconcellea × heilbornii; syn. Carica pentagona), is a hybrid cultivar in the genus Vasconcellea from Ecuador. It is a hybrid Between Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis (syn. Carica pubescens), and Vasconcellea stipulata (syn. Carica stipulata).

It is a small, unbranched or sparsely branched tree reaching 5-8 m tall. The fruit differs from the related papaya (C. papaya) in being narrower, Typically less than 10 cm in diameter. The fruit is pentagonal in shape, therefore giving it the scientific name of Carica pentagona. Like the papaya, the babaco is grown for its edible fruit and for its fruit juice.

Arhat ( Siraitia grosvenorii )

Fruit Warehouse | Arhat ( Siraitia grosvenorii ) | It is grown primarily in the far southern Chinese province of Guangxi (mostly in the mountains near Guilin), as well as in Guangdong, Guizhou, Hunan, and Jiangxi Provinces. Records as early as 1813 mention the cultivation of this plant in the Guangxi province. At present, the Guilin mountains harbor a plantation of 16 square kilometers with a yearly output of about 10.000 fruits.

Most of the Plantations are located in Yongfu County and Lingui County, the which in China are renowned for the extraordinary number of centenarians. Longjiang Town in Yongfu County has acquired the name "home of the Chinese luohanguo fruit"; a number of companies luohanguo Specialised in making extracts and finished products have been set up in the area.

The fruit is one of Several That have been called longevity fruit. The species was named in honor of Gilbert Grosvenor. The plant is cultivated for its fruit, used for cooling drinks and in traditional Chinese medicine. Siraitia is an herbaceous perennial grosvenorii vine native to southern China and Northern Thailand. The plant is best known for its fruit, luo han guo commonly called luo han kuo or, la han qua (from Vietnamese la han qua), arhat fruit, fruit Buddha, or monk fruit. Synonyms include Momordica Botanical grosvenorii and Thladiantha grosvenorii.  According to Chinese history, the fruit was first Mentioned in the records of the 13th century monks WHO used it.

American Pawpaw ( Asimina triloba )

Fruit Warehouse | American Pawpaw ( Asimina triloba ) | The pawpaw is a patch-forming (clonal) understory tree found in well-drained, deep, fertile bottom-land and Hilly upland habitat, with large, simple leaves and large fruits, the largest edible fruit indigenous to the United States. Asimina triloba, the pawpaw, paw paw, paw-paw, or common pawpaw, is a species of Asimina (pawpaw the genus) in the same plant family (the Annonaceae) as the custard-apple, cherimoya, sweetsop, ylang-ylang and soursop.

The large leaves of pawpaw trees are clustered symmetrically at the ends of the branches, giving a distinctive imbricated appearance to the tree's foliage. In autumn the leaves are a rusty yellow, the which the make pawpaw groves spotting possible from a long distance. Pawpaw flowers are perfect, about 1-2 inches (3-5 cm) across, rich red-purple or maroon when mature, with three sepals and six petals. The fruit of the pawpaw is a large, Yellowish-green to brown berry, 2-6 in (5-16 cm) long and 1-3 in (3-7 cm) broad, weighing from 0.7-18 oz (20-500 g), containing Several brown seeds 1/2 to 1 in. (15-25 mm) in diameter embedded in the soft, edible fruit pulp. When mature, the heavy fruits weak bend the branches down.

Wild-collected pawpaw fruits, RIPE in late August to mid September, have long been a favorite treat throughout the tree's extensive native range in eastern North America, and on occasion are sold locally at farmers' markets. Pawpaw fruits have a sweet, somewhat custardish flavor similar to banana, mango, and cantaloupe, varying significantly by source or cultivar, with more protein than most fruits.  Fresh fruits of the pawpaw are commonly eaten raw, either chilled or at room temperature. The easily bruised pawpaw fruits do not ship well unless frozen. Where pawpaws grow, the fruit pulp is also locally Often used in baked dessert recipes, with pawpaw Often substituted with volumetric Equivalency in many banana-based recipes. Pawpaws are also used for juice-making,  as either a fresh pawpaw drink drink or in mixtures (for example, a pawpaw, pineapple, banana, lime, lemon, and orange tea mix).

Pawpaws have never been cultivated for Their fruits on the scale of apples (Malus domestica) or peaches (Prunus Persica), primarily Because pawpaw fruits ripen to the point of fermentation soon after They are picked, and only frozen fruit will store or ship well. In recent years, cultivation of pawpaws for fruit production has attracted renewed interest, particularly Among organic growers, as a native fruit with few to no pests, successfully grown without pesticides.

Sunday, February 26, 2012

American Persimmon ( Diospyros virginiana )

Fruit Warehouse | American Persimmon ( Diospyros virginiana ) | Typically Fruiting begins when the tree is about six years old. In the American South and Midwest, the fruits are Referred to as simply persimmons or 'Simmons', and are popular in desserts and cuisine. Commercial varieties include the very productive Early Golden, the productive John Rick, Woolbright, and Miller and the Ennis-seedless variety. Another nickname of the American persimmon, the 'date-plum', actually refers to a variety of persimmon found in South Asia, Diospyros lotus. Diospyros virginiana, commonly called the American persimmon, common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, " simmon "and" possumwood ", is a persimmon species known by a variety of names Including. The tree Grows wild but has been cultivated for its fruit and wood since prehistoric times by Native Americans

The entire tree has oval leaves, and unisexual flowers on short stalks. The fruit-stalk is very short, bearing a subglobose fruit an inch in diameter or a bit larger, of an orange-yellow color, ranging to Bluish, and with a sweetish astringent pulp. It is surrounded at the base by the persistent calyx-lobes, in the which increase of size as the fruit ripens.

The tree Prefers light, sandy, well-drained soil, but will grow in rich, southern, bottom lands. Some trees in the south That Produce fruit is delicious without the action of the frost, while adjoining trees Produce That Never Becomes edible fruit. It was Brought to England before 1629 and is cultivated, but rarely if ever ripens its fruit. It is a common misconception persimmon fruit needs frost to ripen and Soften. Frost, however, destroys the cells within the fruit, Causing it to rot instead of ripen. Only completely RIPE and soft fruit can stand some frost; it will then dry and Become even sweeter (Hence the misconception). The same goes for the oriental persimmon (Diospyros feet), where early frost can severely damage a fruit crop.

The peculiar characteristics of its fruit have made the tree well known. Folklore states That frost is required to make it edible, but fully ripened fruit lightly shaken from the tree or found on the ground below the tree is sweet, juicy and delicious. The fruit is high in vitamin C. The unripe fruit is extremely astringent. The RIPE fruit may be eaten raw, cooked or dried. Molasses can be made from the fruit pulp. Other popular uses include desserts pies Such as persimmon, persimmon pudding, persimmon or candy.

Açaí palm ( Euterpe oleracea )


Fruit Warehouse | Açaí palm ( Euterpe oleracea ) | Acai palms are tall, slender palms growing to 15-30 meters, with pinnate leaves up to 3 meters long. The açaí palm (Euterpe oleracea) is a species of palm tree in the genus Euterpe Their cultivated for fruit and superior hearts of palm.

A powdered preparation of freeze-dried açaí fruit pulp and skin was reported to contain (per 100 g of dry powder) 533.9 calories, 52.2 g carbohydrates, 8.1 g protein, and 32.5 g total fat.  The fat content of açaí consists of oleic acid (56.2% of total fats), palmitic acid (24.1%), and linoleic acid (12.5%). Acai also contains beta-sitosterol (78-91% of total sterols). The oil compartments in açaí fruit contain polyphenols as procyanidin oligomers Such and vanillic acid, syringic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, and ferulic acid, the which were shown to degrade substantially during storage or exposure to heat.

In 2004, it Became popular to consume acai as a supplement due in part to the rapid success of multi-level marketing company MonaVie That sells an acai blend tonic for $ 40 a bottle and the proliferation of Various acai supplement companies That misused celebrity names like Oprah Winfrey and Rachael Ray to promote acai weight loss pills online.

As of August 2011, there are no scientifically controlled studies supporting any health benefits from consuming acai. No products have been evaluated Acai (in the United States) by the FDA, and Their efficacy is doubtful. Specifically, there is no scientific evidence Acai That consumption affects body weight, promotes weight loss or has any positive health effects. Mehmet Oz had recommended Their product or açai in general for weight loss.

The fruit, a small, round, black-purple drupe about 1 inch (25 mm) in circumference, similar in appearance but smaller than a grape and with less pulp, is produced in branched panicles of 500 to 900 fruits. Two crops of fruit are produced each year. The fruits can be harvested and consumed. While conventionally grown, acai monoculture farming is a threat to the rainforest, acai has been used to successfully reforest degraded regions already.

Madrono ( Arbutus )

Fruit Warehouse | Madrono ( Arbutus ) | Arbutus are small trees or shrubs with flaking red bark and edible red berries. Fruit development is delayed for about five months after pollination, flowers That Appear so while the previous year's fruit are ripening.

A study published in 2001 the which analyzed ribosomal DNA from Arbutus and related genera Suggests That Arbutus is paraphyletic and the Mediterranean Basin species of Arbutus are more closely related to Arctostaphylos, Arctous, Comarostaphylis, Ornithostaphylos and Xylococcus than to the western North American species of Arbutus, and that 'The Split Between the two groups of species Occurred at the Paleogene / Neogene boundary.

The Arbutus unedo tree makes up part of the coat of arms (El oso y el Madrono, The Bear and the Strawberry Tree) of the city of Madrid, Spain. In the center of the city (Puerta del Sol) there is a statue of a bear eating the fruit of the tree Madrono. The image Appears on city Crests, taxi cabs, man-hole covers, and other city infrastructure. The fruit of the tree Madrono ferments on the tree if left to ripen, so some of the bears from eating drunk Become the berries.

The Arbutus was Important to the Straits Salish people of Vancouver Island, WHO used Arbutus bark and leaves to create medicines for colds, stomach problems, and tuberculosis, and as the basis for contraceptives. The tree also figured into Certain Myths of the Straits Salish. In Madrid the fruit is distilled into Madrono, a sweet, fruity liqueur. Arbutus is a great fuelwood tree since it burns hot and long. 

Mamoncillo ( Melicoccus bijugatus )

Fruit Warehouse | Mamoncillo ( Melicoccus bijugatus ) | The genus was first described by Melicoccus Patrick Browne, an Irish doctor and botanist, in 1756. In 1760, Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin described the first species in Browne's genus, the which he named M. bijugatus. In 1762 Linnaeus used a spelling variation of the name Melicocca bijuga. In 1888 German taxonomist Ludwig Radlkofer Melicoccus placed in the tribe Melicocceae together with eight other genera. The specific epithet refers to the bijugate bijugatus leaves, leaves the which consist of two pairs of leaflets.

Melicoccus bijugatus, commonly called ackee, Spanish lime, genip, guinep, genipe, quenepa, mamoncillo, or honeyberry, is a fruit-bearing tree in the soapberry family Sapindaceae, native or naturalized over a wide area of the Tropics, Including South and Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and parts of Africa and the Pacific

Trees can reach heights of up to 25 m and come with alternate, compound leaves. Wide. They are dioecious plants Typically however polygamous trees occur from time to time.  This fruit can be sweet or sour. 

Being tropical, M. bijugatus Prefers warmer temperatures. Its leaves can be Damaged if the temperature hits the freezing point, with serious damage occurring below -4 ° C. It is grown and cultivated for its ovoid, green fruit, the which grow in bunches. The seed is also edible. Despite the light color of the fruit's flesh, the juice stains a dark brown color, and was Often used by indigenous Arawak natives to dye cloth.

Mammee apple ( Mammea americana )

Fruit Warehouse | Mammee apple ( Mammea americana ) | Mammea americana is Often confused with the Mamey sapote tree (Pouteria sapota), Whose fruit is also called Mammee or Mamey. Mammea americana, commonly known as Mammee, Mammee apple, Mamey, Mamey apple, Santo Domingo apricot or South American apricot, is an evergreen tree of the family Calophyllaceae, Whose fruit is edible.

The tree is 18-21 m Mammee high and is similar in appearance to the southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora). The tree's upright branches form an oval head. Its dark-green foliage is quite dense, with opposite, leathery, elliptic leaves.  The flower is fragrant Mammee, has 4 or 6 white petals, and 2.5-4 cm wide Reaches when fully blossomed.

The stem is thick and short. The Mammee apple has more or less visible floral remnant at the apex. Mammee apples' diameter ranges from 10 to 20 cm. When unripe, the fruit is hard and heavy, but its flesh softens slightly when fully RIPE. Generally, the flesh smell is pleasant and appetizing. Small fruits contain a single seed, while larger ones have up to four Might. The seeds are brown, rough, oval and around 6 cm long. The juice of the seed leaves an indelible stain.

The tree has limited medical potential. Underripe fruits are rich in pectin, and the tree bark is high in tannin. Ground seeds are stirred into hot water to Obtain an Anthelmintic infusion. The flesh can be served raw in fruit salads, or with wine, sugar or cream, ESPECIALLY in Jamaica. In The flesh can also be consumed stewed. In the French West Indies, an aromatic liqueur, Eau de Creole, or Crème de Creole, is distilled from the flowers Mammee.

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